Census reveals Miami-Dade nears 70% Hispanic
Miami-Dade’s population is nearing 70% Hispanic, according to data in the US Census Bureau’s latest American Community Survey data released last week.
The data show that 74.5% of Miami-Dade residents characterize themselves as white, but only 12.9% say they are white but not Hispanic.
The county’s population also is now 17.1% black or African-American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, and 1.7% two or more races. In addition, 4.9% list themselves as of another race.
The continuously changing ethnic mix of the county is just one of a number of factors that may prove significant to those who analyze shifts in the community.
For example, in the increasingly hot area of community mobility, 9.9% of adults say they are without access to automobile transportation. Since only about half that percentage of the county residents – 4% to 5% – use mass transportation here, that means about 5% of all adults don’t use either cars or mass transit for mobility, seeming to offer transit officials a large number of potential riders as mass transit continues to bleed ridership year after year.
The census bureau’s American Community Survey offers a five-year estimate from 2014 to 2018, which the bureau says is “the most relied-on source for up-to-date social, economic, housing, and demographic information every year.”
Among yardstick figures in the survey, none may rank as more important than the median household income for the county, now listed at $52,205. Median annual earnings for employed males in the survey were $38,978 and for females $34,618.
In earnings by category, 2% of those who are working are reported to earn less than $10,000 per year, 4.8% earn $10,000 to $14,999, 20.1% earn $15,000 to $24,999, 19.7% receive $25,000 to $34,999, 19.5% earn $35,000 to $49,999, 17% earn $50,000 to $74,999, and 16.8% receive $75,000 or more.
Of all who are employed, 32.6% work in management or business, 20.7% in service occupations, 25.2% in sales and office work, 10.1% in natural resources and 11.4% in production and transportation.
Of all family units, 51.3% own their residences and 48.7% rent. While the yardstick once was that families should spend less than 30% of income on housing rent or ownership costs, in fact in Miami-Dade 34.6% of all families spend more than 30% of household income on housing.
In terms of languages spoken, 25.7% of all adults speak English only, and other 33.8% say they speak English less than their primary language. Some 23.6% say they speak only limited English.
At the time of the survey, 676,289 of Miami-Dade’s 2,761,581 residents – 24.5% of the population – were in school. Of those, 7.5% are in nursery school, 41.3% in elementary school, 19.8% in high school and 31.4% in college or professional education.
In the adult population over age 25, 17.5% have less than a high school degree, 26.9% are high school graduates, 24.2% have some college education, 19.9% have a bachelor’s degree and 11.6% have a graduate or professional education.
The total population is 48.5% male and 51.5% female, and the median age is 40.1 years. A total of 53% of adults are married, the average household size is 3.03 persons, and the average family size is 3.65 people, the survey found.
Census details: https://data.census.gov/