Miami-Dade County historic population boom hits a wall
Miami-Dade’s long-term trend of booming population growth has slowed to a crawl, barely expanding year to year, data released last week by the US Census Bureau shows.
In the year ending in July 2019, the county added just 2,092 residents to total 2,716,940, a gain of less than eight-hundredths of 1%, the American Community Survey shows. The gain in 2018 was even less, 1,559 people. But in 2017, the gain had been 21,082, and prior to that far more.
The sudden slowdown in population gain has broad implications, potentially impacting representation in Congress and the Florida Legislature as redistricting approaches as well as business calculations by developers of housing and others.
The small population gains here might be welcomed in declining rust-belt communities in the North but are a change in hitherto fast-growing Miami-Dade, where populations virtually doubled each decade up to 1960. Even the era from 1980 to 2000 saw average annual growth of 32,000 persons, county reports state.
In the past nine years, from 2000 to 2019, Miami-Dade population expanded from 2,497,993 to 2,716,046, a gain of 218,053 persons, or 24,228 added per year. But the past two years have stalled real growth.
Another decline the survey shows is in median Miami-Dade household income, which dropped from $52,205 in July 2018 to $51,347 in July 2019, a fall of over 1.6%. The survey said 2019 national median household income was $62,843.
Housing figures in the county also deviate sharply from national levels. Here, 51.2% owned their homes, versus 64% nationally. Of those who rent, the average cost in Miami-Dade was $1,328 monthly versus the national level of $1,062.
Pay for women in the county in 2019 declined more than 3% to average $33,509 from $34,618 the prior year, according to the survey. The national average for women in 2019 was $43,022.